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Jul 25 2011 - 08:36 AM
PSLC Summer School - Day 1
First day at PSLC has started with a bang, seems like lot of interesting students and mentors are here. Looking forward to the developments, would keep you guys updated. Classes of EDM Method (Banker & Yacef, 2009) - Prediction - lot of emphasis - Clustering - Relationship Mining: whether students are - Discovery with Models - Distillation of Data for Human Judgement Prediction: Develop a model which can infer a single aspect of the data (predicted variable) from some combination of other aspects of the data (predictor variables) - Does a student know a skill? - Which students are off-task? - Which students will fail the class? KDD Cup : - Top 3 data mining conferences Premier Bayesian Knowledge tracing Clustering: When we have unstructured data we use clustering, define sets of students or problems that can guide us to get some knowledge about the data. - find points that naturally group together, splitting full data set into set of clusters Relationship Mining: Discover relationships between variables in a dataset with many variables - Association rule mining - Correlation mining - Sequential pattern mining - Causal Data mining Discovery with Models: - Pre-existing models (developed with EDM prediction methods or clustering or knowledge engineering) - Applied to data and used as a component in another analysis. Distillation of Data for Human Judgment - Making compex data understandable by humans to leverage their judgement - Text replays are a simple example of this Knowledge Engineering - Creating a model by hand rather than automatically fitting model - In one comparison, leads to worse fit to gold-standard labels of construct of interest than data mining (Roll et al, 2005) but similar qualitative performance. EDM Track schedule Tuesday 10 am - Education data mining with DataShop (Stamper) Tuesday 11am - Item Response Theory and learning factor analysis EDM Tools: 1) DataShop - repository for educational data. 2) Excel (Add ins) - Data Analysis : Anova - Equation Solver - fit a model (initial knowledge - bayesian knowledge tracing) - Scatterplots 3) Free data mining packages - Weka - RapidMiner Weka vs RapidMiner - Weka easier to use than RapidMiner - RapidMiner significantly powerful than RapidMiner In particular… - It is impossible to do key types of model validation for EDM within Weka's GUI - RapidMiner can be kludged into owing so (more on this in hands-on session) 4) SPSS - statistical package and therefore can do a wide variety of statistical tests - it can also do some forms of data mining like factor analysis (a relative of clustering) Difference between statistical packages (like SPSS) and data mining packages like Weka - 5) R - is an open source competitor to SPSS - more powerful and flexible than SPSS - but much harder to use - I find it easy to accidentally do very, very incorrect things in R IRT Model - Associative Model DataShop - Phil Patt uses data webservices of DataShop to get the data and analyze Matlab - Beck and Changs Bayes Net Toolkit - Student modeling is built in Matlab Pre-processing 1) Where does EDM data come from? - Tutor or log files - Surveys/Tests - Recorded / Conversational data - from Sensors or Eye tracking or Facial Recognition (confused/angry), hand sensors, butt sensor (best data captured way) Common Approach - Flat Data file (even if you store your data in databases, most data mining techniques require a flat file) some useful features to distill for educational software - Type of interface widget - "Pknow" : the probability that the student knew the skill before answering (using Bayesia knowledge-tracing or PFA or your favorite approach) - Assessment of progress student is making towards correct answer (how many fewer constraints violated) - Whether this action is the first time a student attempts a given problem step - "Optoprac": How many - "timeSD" : time taken in terms of standard deviations above (+) or below (-) average for this skill across all actions and students - "time2SD": sum of timeSD for the last 3 action or 5 or 4 - Action type counts or percents : Total number of actions so fat : No of actions on this skill, divided by optoproac : no. of actions in last n actions logistical regression models Code available Ryan Baker has code available for EDM - http://users.wpi.edu/~rsbaker/edmtools.html - Distilling datashop data - Bayesian knowledge tracing
|By: Pranav Garg|2983 Reads