A gifted black writer, teacher, director, actress, and playwright and influential member of the Harlem Renaissance, Eulalie Spence was born on June 11th, 1894 on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies. She grew up on her father's sugar plantation, which tragically was destroyed by hurricane in 1902, prompting her family's move to New York City where they lived first in Harlem and then Brooklyn. Despite hardship, Eulalie received an excellent education, attending Wadleigh High School for Girls, the New York Training School for Teachers, New York University, and ultimately Teachers College, Columbia University where she earned a Master of Arts in Speech in 1939.
The author of more than a dozen known plays, Eulalie Spence was prolific during the 1920s-1930s. Many of them are set in Harlem and were performed by Krigwa (Crisis Guild of Writers and Artists), an association founded by W.E. Dubois, and one that she helped make famous through her successful writing about Afro-Americans. Represented themes in Spence's work include black feminism and working class life, with commitment to dramatic form and Black dialect. Eulalie wrote her first play, The Starter, in 1923 and her last, The Whipping, in 1934. She considered herself a folk dramatist, writing mainly for fun and entertainment and not financial reward.
Spence taught and acted for the Columbia University Laboratory Players. She began teaching at Eastern District High School in Brooklyn, a predominantly white high school, in 1918 and remained there for over thirty years, highly engaged in elocution, English, and drama classes.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Little Theatre Week. (1927, May 01). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- The Drama: Krigwa Players In Opening Tournament. (1927, May 04). The New York Amsterdam News (1922-1938)
- Krigwa Presents Three Negro Plays: Cast Scores Marked Success In "Flight Of the Natives," At Little Theater. (1927, May 08). The Washington Post (1923-1954)
- Negroes Get Prizes For Literary Work: Holstein Awards Are Made By Opportunity, A Magazine -- Prof. Dewey President. (1927, May 08). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Brooklyn Omega Men Present Two Plays. (1928, May 30). The New York Amsterdam News (1922-1938)
- Zeta Psi Chapter Of Omega Psi Phi Scores. (1928, Jun 02). The Chicago Defender (National Edition) (1921-1967)
- Lighthouse Players To Give Three Plays On March 3: Annual Show By Blind Girls Taken Place At the Booth. (1931, Feb 22). New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- Howard University To Give Stage Plays. (1932, Jan 16). The Chicago Defender (National Edition) (1921-1967)
- Social Notes. (1935, Sep 28). The New York Amsterdam News (1922-1938)
- Roslyn Eulalie Spence Bride Of John Heyliger. (1938, Feb 05). The Chicago Defender (National Edition) (1921-1967)
- Harlem Negro Theater--Still Trying. (1941, Aug 16). New York Amsterdam Star-News (1941-1943)
- Funke, L. (1967, Nov 24). Negro Stage: It's Happening: Professionals Are Active A Successful Handful Things Are Happening In the Negro Theater, North and South. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- February Alumni Highlights: Eulalie Spence. Institute for Urban and Minority Education, Teachers College, Columbia University. Published February 7, 2020.
- See CLIO's catalog records for works authored by Eulalie Spence; run a Quicksearch or TC SuperSearch for additional materials.
- Consult New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture for the Eulalie Spence Papers, 1926-1991.
- Check out other Harlem Renaissance 100 News Displays:
- Celebrating Marion Thompson Wright
- Donaldson Bryd Is Born
- Zora Neale Hurston Is Born
- Remembering James Wells
- Remembering Alma Thomas
- Gwendolyn Bennett Speaks on Art
- May Edward Chinn Is Born
- Special News Slide, Courtesy of the Gottesman Libraries
Note to Readers:
With apologies, an incorrect image of Zora Neale Hurston was posted to this blog on June 11, 2020. It was taken down on August 16, 2020 and a correct image of Eulalie Spence is currently being sought for use.
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