For years an impressive painting of Florence Nightingale sits among an historic collection of Teachers College portraiture, waiting to be displayed in the Offit Gallery, Third Floor of the Gottesman Libraries. Frederick Rocher's work is exhibited in 2016 as part of the Restored Oil Paintings of Teachers College, and as of February 2020, the arguable centerpiece in Selections from the Mary Adelaide Nutting Collection. In it, Nightingale wears a nurse's cap, symbol of her profession, and looks with gravity ahead. She is wrapped in a crimson velvet blanket or shawl that matches a blazing sky, most likely within war-torn Crimea, where she, the founder of modern nursing, served in a British military camp. Medicine was in short supply; hygiene, poor; and infection, prevalent, as she and thirty-eight brave women cared for the sick and wounded.
Florence Nightingale, was a British social reformer and expert statistician who collected data on patients to understand and improve the effectiveness of medical methods and treatment. Affectionately known in later life as "Lady of the Lamp" for her rounds at night, she was born in Florence, Italy on May 12th, 1820, to a wealthy and connected family; her parents were William Edward Nightingale and Frances Nightingale (née Smith). She was educated at Kings College, London, and the University of Cambridge and went on to serve as a manager and trainer of nurses during the Crimean War (1853-1856). Nightingale became a pioneer in nursing, highly recognized for her loving and humane care of soldiers, as well as her important contributions to hospital hygiene; she coordinated closely with the Sanitary Commission to address major needs in sewage, ventilation, and hospital redesign. Nightingale was the first to organize nurses and provided standardized roles and responsibilities for the profession; she represents a lasting inspiration for the legacy of nursing educators at Teachers College, Columbia University, which began educating nursing leaders in 1899.
In commemoration of the Florence Nightingale's birthday, May 12th became International Nurses Day, celebrated by the International Council of Nurses and others since 1965. 2020 became Year of the Nurse and Midwife, established by the World Health Organization, in honor of 200th anniversary of the year of Florence Nightingale's birth.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Florence Nightingale: She Will Celebrate Her Eightieth Birthday To-Day. (1900, May 15). New - York Tribune (1900-1910)
- Pioneer Of Nursing: Florence Nightingale's Death In the Crimea: The Lady With the Lamp. (1910, Aug 15). The Times of India (1861-Current)
- In May Is Centenary Of Florence Nightingale, Founder of Nursing: One Hundred Years Ago, On May 12, 1820, Was Born At Florence, Italy, An English Girl Baby, Florence Nightingale, Who As A Woman Was To Revolutionize the Care Of the Sick and Wounded, Until Today Millions May Call Her Blessed. (1920, Apr 04). The Sun (1837-1994)
- The Romance Of Florence Nightingale. (1920, Apr 11). San Francisco Chronicle (1869-Current File)
- Nursing of Sick Nobler Profession Enlisting Women: Florence Nightingale, Who Pointed Way, One Of Greatest Knights. (1931, Mar 01). The Washington Post (1923-1954)
- 2,000 Nurses Attend Nightingale Service: Bishop Manning Praises the Humanitarian Work Done By the Profession. (1935, May 20). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Founder Of Nursing Honored. (1936, May 10). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- (1937, May 15). Special Rites For Nurses: Florence Nightingale's Birthday Will Be Observed At St. John the Divine To Honor Florence Nightingale. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Florence Nightingale's Birthday. (1944, May 12). New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- Nightingale Items Shown For Nurses. (1954, May 11). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Dobbin, M. (1960, Nov 06). Nurse's Cap With A History: Florence Nightingale's Distinctive Hat Linked With University Hospital. The Sun (1837-1994)
- Maye, B. (2010, Aug 10). A Legend In Nursing: Among Her Many Achievements Florence Nightingale Who Died 100 Years Ago This week Played A Central Role In Establishing Nursing As A Profession. The Irish Times (1921-Current File)
- Explore the Florence Nightingale Collection in Pocketknowledge, the digital archive of Teachers College; this collection comprises correspondence and documentation that Florence Nightingale either wrote during the period of 1827 – 1907, or that was written about her and her work. In addition there is “calendar of letters” that documents her life, work, and research activities, beginning from the age of seven until her death.
- Read the article about the Offit Gallery exhibit, Selections from the Mary Adelaide Nutting Collection, which features nursing artifacts and an interview with Kathleen O'Connell, Isabel Maitland Stewart Professor of Nursing Education at Teachers College, Columbia University.
- See highlighted databases in nursing education and look for more historical resources in the Archives of the Department of Nursing Education.
- Haynes, S. How Florence Nightingale Paved the Way for the Heroic Work of Nurses Today. (2020, May 12). Time Magazine.
- Florence Nightingale, oil portrait by Frederick Rocher (1943), Historical Portraiture Collection, Courtesy of the Gottesman Libraries, Teachers College, Columbia University
- Special News Slide, Courtesy of the Gottesman Libraries
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