Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore—
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
“’Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door—
Only this and nothing more.”
-- Edgar Allan Poe, "The Raven", opening stanza
On January 29th, 1845, Edgar Allan Poe's narrative poem was first published in The New York Evening Mirror. It tells of a talking raven who comes to visit a distraught lover, most likely a student or young scholar, who is mourning the death of his love, Lenore. The raven seems to provoke the protagonist through repetition of the word "Nevermore", building tension throughout the stanzas. The poem was a massive success and has been the subject of many artworks, including those by Edward Manet and Gustave Dore. While Poe did not earn great financial reward with its publication, it prompted book publication of his poetry, as Poe's fame grew as a writer known for his tales or short stories about mystery and the macabre. Edgar Allan became embedded in the school curriculum and is popular to this day.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- The Home Of The Raven: A Thatched Cottage At Fordham, In Which Virginia Poe Died And Her Husband Almost Starved: Stories Of The Poet'Ss Life And Troubles. (1884, Jul 29). Courier-Journal (1869-1922)
- Clarke, E. Y., J. (1903, Feb 15). Southern Poets and Authors: Edgar Allan Poe The Raven. The Atlanta Constitution (1881-1945)
- Where Poe Wrote "The Raven": $100,000 Spent In Fordham On a Park Named After The Poet. (1905, Aug 20). New York Times (1857-1922)
- Born In Boston, Jan. 19, 1809 : Edgar Allan Poe : Died In Baltimore, Oct 7, 1849. (1909, Jan 17). The Sun (1837-1994)
- Leacy, G. L. (1921, Dec 04). Letters To The Editor: But That Raven ("S") Still Is Sitting Never Flitting On His Marble Pedestal Door. The Sun (1837-1994)
- Poe's Own Used Copy Of "The Raven" Brings $7,600 At Sale.(1928, Apr 04). New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- "The Raven" Manuscript: Reported British Purchase. (1928, Sep 03). The Scotsman (1921-1950)
- Centenary Of A Raven. (1945, Jan 29). New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- Avery, D. (1946, Feb 03). "The Raven"--Edgar Alan Poe's $10 Classic. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963)
- Adams, B. J. D. (1959, Feb 08). Speaking Of Books. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Dyer, B. (1962, Jan 29). Today In History. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- Read an article on Poe's abode on West 84th Street and Broadway where he (apparently) wrote "The Raven".
- Check out this New York Times article on the fireplace mantel from the farmhouse residence of Poe and family on West 84th Street (reported to be held in Columbia University's Rare Books and Manuscripts Library)
- Illustration by Édouard Manet for a French translation by Stéphane Mallarmé of Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven", Wikimedia Commons
- Special News Slide, Courtesy of EdLab Studios
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