On October 24th, 2005 American activist Rosa Parks (born February 4, 1913) passed away in Detroit, Michigan. Known as the "first lady of civil rights" or "the mother of the freedom movement", Rosa Parks was the grand daughter of former slaves. Tired of "giving in," she played a pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott by refusing to give up her seat to a white man -- an act that sparked nation-wide attention to the injustices of racial discrimination. Parks was arrested on December 1st, 1955, but her bravery launched efforts across the country to end racial segregation and promote equality of African-Americans. After suffering years of continuing harassment and threats, she moved with her husband to Detroit where she became an administrative aide to Congressman John Conyers, Jr.. There she co-founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development for youth. When Parks died at the age of 92, she became the first woman to lie in state at the United States Capitol.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Eason, Y. (1973, Jun 07). Mrs. Rosa Parks: 'When She Sat Down the World Stood Up'. Chicago Tribune (1963-1996)
- Mrs. Rosa Parks Wins M.L. King Peace Prize. (1980, Jan 15). Atlanta Daily World (1932-2003)
- A Tribute to Rosa Parks. (1990, Feb 15). Call and Post (1982-1991)
- Jackson, B.P. (1994, Sep 22). An Open Love Letter to Mother Rosa Parks. Los Angeles Sentinel (1934-2005)
- Raven, T. (2001, Jan 12). Rosa Parks Sat Down So That Others Could Stand. Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001)
- Ransby, B. (2001, Jan 31). Rosa Parks After 45 Years: The Meaning Of Who She Is Today. New Journal and Guide (1916-2003)
- Younge, G. (2005, Oct 26). Death of Rosa Parks (92), Who Made a Historic Stand By Keeping Her Seat. The Irish Times (1921-Current File)
- The Immovable Rosa Parks. (2005, Oct 26). The Christian Science Monitor (1908-Current File)
- Owens, K. A. (2005, Oct 27). Rosa Parks Dies: Rosa Parks, the Spark That Ignited a Nation's Conscience. Los Angeles Sentinel (1934-2005)
- Heutteman, E. (2015, Feb 06). Who Rosa Parks Was, Not Just What She Meant: Trove Of Items Now Available to Researchers. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Edwards, Pamela Duncan. The Bus Ride That Changed History: The Story of Rosa Parks. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005. CURR F334.M753 P38385 2005
- Pinkney, Andrea Davis. Boycott Blues: How Rosa Parks Inspired a Nation. New York: Greenwillow Books, c2008. JUV PZ7.P6333 Boy 2008
- Reynolds, Aaron. Back of the Bus. New York: Philomel Books, c2009. JUV PZ7.R33213 Bac 2009
- Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Amawalk, NY: Jackdaw Publications, c2004. CURR F334.M753 P37 2004
- Rosa Parks, Wikimedia Commons
- Special Slide Courtesy of EdLab Studios
Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.