Ubiquitous Learning for Self-Directed Learners
Getting learning resources through different ways is important for self-directed learners. As technologies advance, there are more tools, choices and platforms for self-directed learners to plan their own learning. Liu and Hwang (2010) point out that there are paradigm shifts in e-learning: from the traditional e-learning that relies on computers and networks, to mobile learning that uses mobile devices and wireless communications, to the latest ubiquitous learning (u-learning) that integrates sensor technologies, mobile devices and wireless communications. U-learning is context-aware, thus it can provide just-in-time learning resources based on where self-directed learners are.
Tan, Zhang and Kinshuk (2011) propose a 5R adaptation framework for location-based learning systems. These five Rs are:
In this framework, learning contents from the pre-built repository will be turned into 5R adaptive learning content based on learner information, location, time, and learning devices (read also Tan, Liu & Burkle, 2013). The learner information is especially relevant to self-directed learning planning.
While current research and design of u-learning are not specifically for self-directed learners, this new learning paradigm in e-learning deserves our attention as it could provide more dynamically engaging, efficient and effective learning experiences and resources for self-directed learners.
- Right Time
- Right Location
- Right Device
- Right Content
- Right Learner (individual learning objective, style, progress level, etc)