SD Instructional vs. SD Inquiry Model
Self- directed orientation toward learning is a learning style or "a way of acting or thinking in a learning situation” (Bonham, 1989). Despite of various differences in learners’ preferences, Bonham proposed two major categories for SDL: SD instructional model vs. SD inquiry model.
Learners who prefer SD instructional approach tend to think linearly as they plan their learning journey with much details. In contrast, learners who fit better in the SD inquiry approach think of learning as a more holistically process. They can adapt to sporadic learning opportunities and are comfortable to explore loosely connected learning resources for inspirations.
(table edited and adapted by Banz, 2008)
This distinction is especially helpful for SDL facilitators as learners of these two SD learning approaches need different supports and resources. In the case of museum, for instance, providing a variety of navigation and exploration tools (e.g. self-guided tour, interactive exhibition) would meet the needs of both types of SD learners (Banz, 2008
This framework can also serve as a guideline for designers and facilitators in other self-directed learning contexts (e.g. online learning spaces) to arrange resources to accommodate different needs.